Society/Genealogy - GHGB-en

Genealogical-Heraldic Society of Berne, Switzerland
Genealogical-Heraldic Society of Berne, Switzerland
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What is it?
According to Duden, (spelling dictionary of the German  language) genealogy  means the science of origin, succession and relationship of the sexes.  Genealogy lists the dates of life and stories of the ancestors of a presumed  person who is called the subject.
The Bible in the Old Testament  with the complete genealogy of Abraham provides the first pedigree ever  (Genesis
11: 10-32), as well as in the New Testament that of Jesus (Matt. 1,  1-17, with cross references to each generation). Many genealogies have their roots in the Roman Empire.
Using genealogical research shows the relation of a  person to their parents, grandparents, great-grandparents as well as to brothers,  sisters and children. Opinions differ as to whether this reference is  biological or sociological.
What is a family tree?
In order to present a filiation, there are 4 possibilities:
  1. Ancestors list: Based on the subject, there are  listed his parents (father, mother), then his grandparents and  great-grandparents. To maintain a certain degree of clarity, the individual  ancestors are numbered according to a specific system.
  2. Pedigree: It shows nothing more than the list of  ancestors in graphical form. Subject, father, mother and grandparents on both  sides etc. are represented by boxes, parchment scrolls or coat of arms and  related to by lines. The pedigree is often painted as a tree, with the subject  as master and the ancestors as branches.
  3. Descendants list: It shows, in text form, the  children of the subject, his grandchildren and great-grandchildren etc,  arranged in generations.
  4. Descendants chart: It is the graphical presentation of the above list.  It is an extremely  difficult and troublesome task for every designer because with every next  generation, the number of descendants is variable and often very extensive. The  chart can be represented by a tree, with the parents as the root and the descendants  as branches and twigs.
Research "almost" without end
He who aims to achieve to full research of his ancestors will continue  searching for a life time. A subject has 2 parents, 4 grandparents, 8  great-grandparents, 16 great-grandparents, and so on. With any other generation  it doubles the number of ancestors. After 10 generations a subject will have  about 1000 ancestors, after 20 generations 1 048 576.
The researchers are limited, not only by the huge number of ancestors, but also  in terms of sources. In most research efforts any further discovery ends after  15 generations and in some cases sooner. See Tips: How to research my  ancestors.
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